About Medieval Woolcraft

Historic and fantastic wool items - We make hats, gloves, socks and fingerless mittens in original viking nalbinding or in traditional knitting.

Medieval Woolcraft was set up in 2014 as a small artist's business by Judith Ressler when friends kept asking if they could buy her nålebinding items.

What we do
We offer Nålebinding , Felting and Knitting courses led by tutor Judith Ressler. It’s an opportunity to learn life-long skills and to connect with the crafts and knowledge of our ancestors. Our courses have evolved out of a love of making things by hand using natural materials, alongside an interest in old crafts and skills. We aim to offer a satisfying learning experience as well as an enjoyable time away from it all.

What is Nålebinding ?                                                                                                  Nålebinding (Danish: literally "binding with a needle" or "needle-binding", also naalbinding, nålbinding or naalebinding) is a fabric creation technique predating both knitting and crochet.

The oldest known samples of single-needle knitting include the color-patterned sandal socks of the Coptic Christians of Egypt (4th century CE), and hats and shawls from the Paracas and Nazca cultures in Peru, dated between 300 BCE and 300 CE.

Also known in English as "knotless netting," "knotless knitting" or "single needle knitting," the technique is distinct from crochet in that it involves passing the full length of the working thread through each loop, unlike crochet where the work is formed only of loops, never involving the free end. It also differs from knitting in that lengths must be pieced together during the process of nålebinding, rather than a continuous strand of yarn that can easily be pulled out. Archaeological specimens of fabric made by nålebinding can be difficult to distinguish from knitted fabric.

This means that people could use only short lenghts of yarn which made the process much slower than knitting or crochet, where you can work with a long, endless piece of yarn. But it also meant that even short pieces of yarn could be used for nålebinding which makes it an ideal technique for re-using and recycling bits of wool.